Collective Agreement in Egypt

Collective agreement in Egypt is the backbone of labour relations in the country. A collective agreement is a legally binding agreement between an employer and a group of employees or their representatives, usually a trade union. It outlines the terms and conditions of employment, including wages, benefits, working hours, and health and safety standards.

Collective agreements in Egypt are governed by the Egyptian Labour Law, which was first enacted in 2003 and amended in 2017. According to the law, a collective agreement is valid if it is signed by the employer and the employee representative and registered with the Ministry of Manpower.

Collective agreements are essential in protecting the rights of workers in Egypt. Through collective bargaining, employees can negotiate better wages, benefits, and working conditions. Additionally, the agreement can outline grievance procedures and dispute resolution mechanisms, which help in resolving conflicts between employers and employees.

In Egypt, collective agreements are typically negotiated between trade unions and employer associations. The trade unions represent the interests of employees, while the employer associations represent the interests of employers. The negotiation process can be lengthy and difficult, but it is crucial in achieving a fair agreement that benefits both parties.

Once a collective agreement is reached, it must be communicated to all employees and implemented by the employer. Failure to comply with the agreement can lead to legal action by the employees or the trade union.

It is worth noting that collective agreements in Egypt do not cover all categories of workers. For instance, domestic workers, workers in small enterprises, and temporary workers are exempt from the provisions of collective agreements.

In conclusion, collective agreement in Egypt is a critical tool in promoting fair labour practices and protecting the rights of workers. It is essential for employers and employees to engage in constructive dialogue and negotiate a fair agreement that benefits all parties. The government also plays a crucial role in ensuring that both employers and employees comply with the provisions of the agreement.

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